NASA launching Perseverance in search of geological and biological search on Mars. presently, NASA is on the verge to launch its new robotic rover on February 8, 2021. According to the press release, NASA’s Perseverance is its latest Red Planet rover, specially designed and created to search for astrobiological evidence of ancient microbial life on Mars. Following a seven-month journey, it will land at Jezero Crater on Febr18, 2021. There, Perseverance will gather rock and soil samples for its future return to Earth. It also will characterize the planet’s climate and geology and pave the way for human exploration of the Red Planet. The robotic scientist, which weighs just under 2,300 pounds (1,043 kilograms), also will carry the Ingenuity Mars Helicopter. This technology demonstration marks the first attempt at powered, controlled flight on another planet. George Tahu is the Mars 2020 program executive, and Mitchell Schulte is a program scientist.
The launch window will be from July 30 – Aug. 15, 2020, at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. The mission duration is estimated to be 687 earth days.
Inside The Perseverance
In spite of the specific objective, Perseverance will carry seven instruments to conduct unprecedented science and test new technology on the Red Planet. They are:
Related: NASA’s Mars Rover 2020 launch
Mastcam-Z: an advanced camera system with panoramic and stereoscopic imaging capability with the ability to zoom. The instrument also will determine the mineralogy of the Martian surface and assist with rover operations.
Major functions include of Mastercam-Z include,
• Explore a geologically diverse landing site
• Assess ancient habitability
• Seek signs of ancient life, particularly in special rocks known to preserve signs of life over time
• Gather rock and soil samples that could be returned to Earth by a future NASA mission
• Demonstrate technology for future robotic and human exploration
SuperCam: an instrument that can provide imaging, chemical composition analysis, and mineralogy at a distance.
• Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL), an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer, and high-resolution imager to map the fine-scale elemental composition of Martian surface materials.
• Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC)
• The Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment (MOXIE), a technology demonstration that will produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide.
• Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA), a set of sensors that will provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity, and dust size and shape.
• The Radar Imager for Mars’ Subsurface Experiment (RIMFAX), a ground-penetrating radar that will provide centimetre-scale resolution of the geologic structure of the subsurface.